Landsat

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Mt. St. Helens - different Landsat layers
Mt. St. Helens - different Landsat layers

Landsat 7 is a satellite of the USGS Landsat 7 Project. The satellite is equipped with an Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) instrument that is an eight-band multispectral scanning radiometer capable of providing moderate resolution image data of the Earth's surface.

Various spectral band data are combined to produce an image. By using different bands you can get images that represent human eye perception or pseudo colorations that represent other spectrum normally not visible to the human eye, i.e., thermal, infrared, etc..

Landsat 7 data is available globally at a scale where you can pick out many prominent features. The maximum resolution is 15 meters per pixel on the panchromatic band (0.52 - 0.90┬Ám) of the electromagnetic spectrum.

Contents

[edit] i-cubed

i-cubed highest resolution
i-cubed highest resolution

An Isilon cluster was used by i3 to optimally process the raw Landsat7 data using sophisticated i3 color-balancing algorithms. Isilon systems donated to NASA were again used to rapidly build the i3 donated color-balanced imagery into World Wind's tiling scheme. Much thanks goes to i3.com and Isilon.com for their generosity of donating this imagery for use within NASA World Wind. Some restrictions apply for this data, please see Copyright Questions When Using Images From World Wind.

[edit] i3 Visible

  • The maximum resolution is 15 m per pixel.
  • Uses bands 3, 2, 1

[edit] NLT

NLT Visible highest resolution
NLT Visible highest resolution

NASA Learning Technologies has processed the Landsat 7 data to create their own imagery. Pan-sharpening the images was planned, however other priorities mean that 30 meters will be the maximum resolution for the forseeable future. See NLT Landsat Processing Techniques for information on how the data was processed, and NLT Data Issues for known issues.

[edit] Visible

  • The maximum resolution is 30 m per pixel.
  • Uses bands 3, 2, 1

[edit] Pseudo

  • The maximum resolution is 30 m per pixel.

[edit] Geocover

GeoCover 2000 highest resolution
GeoCover 2000 highest resolution

Geocover is a product of MDA Federal (formerly EarthSat), and is pseudo color Landsat imagery. The 1990 data was acquired with Landsat 4 and Landsat 5, and the 2000 data with Landsat 7's ETM+.

[edit] 2000

  • The maximum resolution is 15 m per pixel.
  • Uses bands 7, 4, 2

[edit] 1990

  • The maximum resolution is 30 m per pixel.
  • Uses bands 7, 4, 2

[edit] OnEarth

OnEarth Visible highest resolution
OnEarth Visible highest resolution

OnEarth: WMS Global Mosaic is a project of the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory. It is a 15-meter resolution global image mosaic of the Earth, produced from more than 8,200 individual Landsat 7 scenes. These images have been collected during 1999-2003.

[edit] Visible

  • The maximum resolution is 15 m per pixel.
  • Uses bands 3, 2, 1

[edit] Pseudo

  • The maximum resolution is 15 m per pixel.
  • Uses bands 5, 4, 2.

[edit] Data Acquisition

Landsat 7 only gets one chance every 16 days to cover any given area. If there are clouds, fog, smog, snow on the ground (too white), too much grass on the ground (too green), too low or too high sun angle (low contrast), satellite maintenance, solar storm, etc, that chance is lost. A few bad takes in a row, and a whole year is lost. A scene is 160x180km, and a perfect scene has to have perfect conditions for the whole area.

Landsat 7 was launched in 1999 and now it has some data quality problems. The U.S. government is currently working toward a Landsat Data Continuity Mission (LDCM), which will field a Landsat-like sensor on board the next-generation NOAA/DoD weather monitoring platform, or on-board a dedicated satellite.

The Landsat 7 data will be the best available global images for quite a while, and the fact that they are free and available on the net makes them even more significant.

[edit] External Links

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